Prayer is a method of communicating with God, or a god. The first thing people do when they are in crisis, is to pray. Even people who do not believe it God, will pray.
For Christians, prayer is like the communication between a child and a parent. When children are about 2 years old, they begin communicating by asking a lots of questions. A good parent will communicate with the child by answer the questions appropriately.
As the child grows, the questions become more complicated and difficult to answer, but the parent will still try to give an answer that they think is appropriate or explain to the child where they might find the answer to their question. This is how the child gains knowledge about life. This is also how young Christians begin to communicate with their Heavenly Father. They ask the Father questions and He provides the answers.
The Bible has much to say about prayer.
In John 16, Jesus is talking to his disciples about what is going to happen.
In that day you will no longer ask me anything. Very truly I tell you, my Father will give you whatever you ask in my name. Until now you have not asked for anything in my name. Ask and you will receive, and your joy will be complete. John 16:23-24 (NIV)
This indicates that we are praying to God, the Father. When we ask God a question in Jesus name, we will receive an answer and our joy will be complete.
In the first part of Matthew, Jesus is giving instructions to his followers. In those instructions are the instructions about prayer.
“Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives; the one who seeks finds; and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened.” Matthew 7:7-8 (NIV)
What he is saying is that if we ask God for something, we can look for the answer to our request and can expect to find it. Not only will we find it, but we will be led through doors of new opportunities.
In Jeremiah 33, God is talking to Jeremiah about the restoration of His people. God didn’t tell Jeremiah that he needed to figure out some way to make things happen. What He told Jeremiah was that he should call on God and God would show him what to do. In fact, God would tell him things that could not even be researched!
Call to me and I will answer you and tell you great and unsearchable things you do not know. Jeremiah 33:3 (NIV)
In other words, God will show us things that only he can show us. We may not get the right answers by going to the televisions, friends, social media, etc. But, we can always be sure that the answers we get from God will be the right answer.
Paul writes this in Ephesians 3:
Now to him who is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine, according to his power that is at work within us, to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, for ever and ever! Amen. Ephesians 3:20-21 (NIV)
God is able to do for more that we can imagine according to his power that is at work within us, which is the Holy Spirit working in our lives. It is not answered according to our power, as world would have you to believe, but according to God’s power at work in us through the Holy Spirit.
NOTE: All scripture printed it from the NIV version found at http://www.biblegateway.com/?version=NIV